These days the best career option after 12th is Engineering. Engineering is one of the most popular choices among students.
If you have an interest in technical or scientific issues or you enjoy exploring new technology, then the engineering degrees can open up a complete world of opportunities.
Now, Let to know:
What is Engineering?
Engineering is a section of science and technology, which focus on the design of machines, engines, structures, and electrical systems. This field is fixed in mathematics principles.
It is a profession and discipline of applying scientific and technical knowledge. It utilizes natural laws and physical resources to design and implement materials, machine, structure, devices, and systems.
The engineering term is derived from the word ‘Engineer’. It is the application of science and math to solve problems.
Engineer graduates are high in demand across the world. They figure out how things work and find practical uses for scientific discoveries.
In this article, we are providing details about Engineering Courses. Here, we include B.Tech admission, list of engineering courses & branches, entrance exams, list of top engineering colleges, career prospects, etc.
Career in Engineering
Engineering has maintained its reputation as an academic subject.
Before starting your career in engineering, it is necessary to know which exacting section of engineering you want to specialize. You can study engineering at different levels as a diploma, bachelor, master and doctoral courses.
Engineering Degrees are extremely varied and focus on particular parts of the engineering industry. There are a large number of different specializations which you can study courses after 12th.
Which Engineering Course is right for you?
Engineering is a wide subject which includes various types of engineering. It should be difficult to choose which one is for you.
There are a large number of specializations and job opportunities in engineering. Here, we have listed the best engineering courses which you can pursue.
It is listed based on employment trends, the nature of work and career advancement opportunities. Hope, it is helpful for you in determining the best career option.
What are the skills required to be an Engineer?
Engineer skills include:
- Problem Solvers
- Decision Making
- Social, Cultural and Economic Awareness
- Good Communication and Team working skills.
- An interest in technology and new developments.
Eligibility And Admission
The basic eligibility & admission into engineering courses is 10+2 level from the recognized board. Students should complete their 10+2 examination with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.
There are various national, university and state level entrance examinations. You have to attempt these exams to get admission in the top engineering colleges.
The admission into B.Tech course of all IIITs, NITs, other CFTI, Institutions funded by participating state governments and other engineering universities are done based on JEE Mains examination.
JEE Mains is a national level examination, which is managed by the National Testing Agency (NTA). It is conducted for admission to the B.Tech and B.Arch/B.Plan programmes.
If you want to get admission into IITs, then you have to qualify JEE Advanced examination.
There is also an option to apply for state level examination for admission to the engineering courses. Some of them are BCECE, JCECE, KEEM, BITSAT, SRMJEE, TS EAMCET, WBJEE, UPSEE, AP EAMCET, COMEDK UGET, etc.
For diploma course admission, you can apply for JEEP, JEECUP, AP POLYCET, Bihar Polytechnic, TS POLYCET, etc.
The M.Tech course admissions are done through GATE (Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering), TANCET, CUCET, UPSEE, OJEE, AP PGECET, TS PGECET, etc.
List of Engineering Courses After 12th
There are three best engineering courses which students can pursue after 10th, after 12th, graduation and post graduation. The list of engineering courses after 12th are given here:
Diploma in Engineering:
- Diploma in Engineering course duration is three years.
- Students can apply for diploma course after 10th or after 12th.
- Those students apply after 12th, they can get the admission into the third semester of the programme, i.e. Lateral Entry.
- Students can do a diploma course in various specializations as per their interest.
Bachelor of Technology or Bachelor of Engineering (B.Tech or B.E):
- B.Tech or BE is a 4-year duration undergraduate programme.
- Students can pursue a Bachelor of Engineering (B.Tech/BE) degree in various specializations.
- This course admission can be done through entrance exams after 12th.
Master of Technology or Master of Engineering (M.Tech or ME):
- The duration of M.Tech/ME course is two years.
- It is a post graduation degree which students can do after completing their graduation (B.Tech/BE).
Doctoral Course (Ph.D.):
- It is a three-year duration programme.
- Aspirants can pursue a Ph.D. course after their master degree in respective disciplines.
Engineering Branches/Engineering Disciplines:
Engineering is a wide discipline that is often broken down into various sub-disciplines. The engineering branches/ engineering disciplines are given below:
- Aeronautical Engineering
- Aerospace Engineering
- Agricultural Engineering
- Architecture Engineering
- Automobile Engineering
- Biomedical Engineering
- Chemical Engineering
- Civil Engineering
- Coastal and Ocean Engineering
- Computer Science & Engineering
- Electrical Engineering
- Electronic & Communication Engineering
- Environmental Engineering
- Food Engineering
- Geotechnical Engineering
- Genetic Engineering
- Hydraulics (Water) Engineering
- Industrial Engineering
- Information Technology
- Marine Engineering
- Materials Engineering
- Mechanical Engineering
- Minerals and Metallurgical Engineering
- Mining Engineering
- Manufacturing Engineering
- Naval Engineering
- Nuclear Engineering
- Petroleum & Petrochemical Engineering
- Production Engineering
- Plastic Technology
- Resource Engineering
- Risk Engineering
- Software Engineering
- Structural Engineering
- Transport Engineering
- Telecommunication Engineering
Top Engineering Colleges in India
With the increasing competition, it is important to have a good institution/college to study. Here, you can check the list of top engineering colleges in India:
- Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)
- National Institute of Technology (NIT)
- Birla Institute of Technology And Science (BITS), Pilani
- College of Engineering, Pune
- Delhi Technological University, Delhi
- Indraprastha Institute of Information Technology, Delhi
Engineering Jobs And Scopes
There are lots of career opportunities in the engineering field. In the modern world, Engineering is one of the most rewarding careers.
You can work in both the public and private sectors. Engineers are employed by the engineering firms, government agencies, construction companies, pharmaceutical and petrochemical companies, etc.
There are many companies which require engineers to acquire state certification as Professional Engineers.
As an engineer, you can work in an office, laboratory, oil rig in the middle of the ocean, factory or even in outer space.
What does an engineer do?
Engineers evaluate, design, test, modify, develop, maintain and install a broad variety of products and systems.
They also recommend and specify materials, provide consulting services, supervise manufacturing and construction and teach engineering programmes in universities and colleges.
Engineers have a general understanding of numerous areas of engineering.
As an engineer, you can also work in research laboratories, construction sites, factories, space station, nuclear power plants, etc.
- Software Engineer
- Web Developer
- System Designer
- Senior Engineer
- Assistant Engineer
- Civil Engineer, etc.
You can also pursue your engineering courses abroad. It is an exciting, dynamic and wonderful career option to choose.
You can also choose to take your study further with a management course, such as an MBA.
After B.Tech, aspirants can appear in IES (Indian Engineering Services) examination. It is organized by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC).
Engineering offers you good employment prospects. The Engineer salary rise will depend on your hard work and dedication.
As a graduate engineer, you can expect to earn from 25K to 35k per month. A mid-level engineer with a masters degree and have an experience, then you can earn 50k to 70k per month.
After gaining experience, you can start your own consulting business where you can earn even more.
For any query about Engineering Courses, you can free to comment in the comment box.